History of Gujarat

The history of Gujarat began with Stone Age settlements, followed by Chalcolithic and Bronze Age settlements like the Indus Valley Civilization. Gujarat’s coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch, served as ports and trading centres in the Nanda, Maurya, Satavahana, and Gupta empires as well as the Western Kshatrapas period. After the fall of the Gupta empire in the 6th century,
Gujarat flourished as an independent Hindu or Buddhist state. The Maitraka dynasty, descended from a Gupta general, ruled from the 6th to the 8th centuries from their capital at Vallabhi, although they were ruled briefly by Harsha during the 7th century. The Arab rulers of Sindh sacked Vallabhi in 770, bringing the Maitraka dynasty to an end. The Gurjara-Pratihara Empire ruled Gujarat from the 8th to the 10th centuries. As well, for some periods, the region came under the control of the Rashtrakuta Empire and the Pala Empire. In 775, the first Parsi (Zoroastrian) refugees arrived in Gujarat from Greater Iran.
Gujarat was formed by splitting Bombay State in 1960 into linguistic lines. From 1960 to 1995, the Indian National Congress retained power in the Gujarat Legislative Assembly while other political parties ruled for incomplete terms in the 1970s and 1990s. The Bharatiya Janata Party has been in power since 1998.


Gujarat is the 6th largest state in India and is located in the western part of the country with a coastline of 1600 km (the longest in India). It is the 9th most popular tourist region in the country and was visited by 54.4 million domestic and international tourists in 2018.
Amitabh Bachchan is currently the brand ambassador of Gujarat Tourism. The ‘Khushboo Gujarat Ki’ campaign by celebrity Amitabh Bachchan

Cultural Tourism

Gujarat is well known for its rich culture. The folk arts of Gujarat form a major part of the culture of the state. It preserves the rich tradition of song, dance, and drama as well. Handicrafts include bandhani, patolas of Patan, kutchhi work, khadi, bamboo craft, block printing, embroidery, woodcraft, metal crafts, pottery, namda, rogan painting, pithora, and many more handicrafts. The Arabs, Portuguese, Dutch, Mughals, and British, as well as Parsis, have left their mark on Gujarat’s culture.

Fairs and festivals

Gujarat celebrates unique festivals like “Navratri Garba” (October–November, all over the state), “Diwali” (November), “Kite Festival (Makar Sankranti, 11–15 January, Ahmedabad), “Kankaria Carnival” (25–31 December, Ahmedabad), “Rann Utsav” (November–February, Kutch), “Modhera Dance Festival” (3rd week of January, Modhera), and fairs like Tarnetar Fair (August, Tarnetar) and Vautha Mela (November, Vautha Mela)